If no name is given then RavenDB server will create one for you based on the defined destination
Backup Task Type:
Backed Up Data: The database data in a JSON format, including documents, indexes (definitions only) & identities
(same as exported database format)
Size of backup data: Smaller
Backup Speed: Faster
Restoring: Slower, Indexes have to be rebuilt from their definitions
Backed Up Data: The raw database data including the indexes (definitions and data)
Size of backup data: Larger
Backup Speed: Slower
Restoring: Faster, Indexes do not have to be rebuilt
Preferred Node (Optional)
Select a preferred mentor node from the Database Group to be the responsible node for this Backup Task
If no node is selected, then the cluster will assign a responsible node (see Members Duties)
Backup Task - Content & Scheduling
Backup Task Schedule & Content
Select the content to back up. Note: Both types can be scheduled.
Full Backup will back up all the database data every time the task is scheduled to work.
Incremental Backup will only back up the delta (changes made) of the data since the last backup that has occurred.
Schedule the Backup Task time using a Cron Expression.
(eg. "0 0 12 * * ?" means "0 seconds, 0 minutes, 12pm (noon), every day, every month")
If onlyIncremental Backup is set, then a Full Backup will occur only in the first time that the Task is triggered,
followed by Incremental Backups according to the scheduled time.
The Full Backup that is done the first time will be either a 'Backup' or a 'Snapshot', depending on the type selected.
Data that is backed up in Incremental Backup is always of type 'Backup' - even if the Backup Task Type is 'Snapshot'.
A Snapshot can only occur when scheduling 'Full'.
Scheduling two backups
To save on transfer costs you can schedule frequent incremental backups
To ensure that you can recover lost data, schedule infrequent 'full' backups.
Infrequent backups can be useful if a mistake was made and you need access to data from a few days ago.
In the image "Backup Task Schedule & Content" above:
A Full Backup is scheduled every day at 02:00 AM - and in addition to that -
An Incremental Backup is scheduled every 6 hours
Backup Task - Retention Policy
Enable / disable the retention policy. If disabled, the backups are stored indefinitely.
If enabled, deletion can be scheduled.
Select the retention period. Once a backup is older than the specified amount of time,
it will be deleted during the next scheduled backup task.
Backup Task - Destination
Select backup destinations and enter your credentials for each
Local - Set a folder of your choice (any directory that can be accessed from your machine)
More than one destination can be selected at the same time. The backup process will first write the backup to the local path (or to a temporary path if the local path is not specified).
Once that's done, the backup owner will start uploading the backup to all remote destinations in parallel.
If any of the remote destinations fail, the entire backup will be considered to have failed.
For a resilient data protection strategy
that protects your databases from natural disasters and theft, we recommend scheduling concurrent backups on a local machine and on the cloud.
This strategy is known as the 3-2-1 Backup Rule.
Backup Task - Details in Tasks List View
Tasks List View Details
Backup Task Details:
Task Status - Active / Not Active / Not on Node
Destinations - Local or cloud-based
Last Full Backup - (Snapshot / Backup type)
Last Incremental Backup
Next Estimated Backup - Time until next scheduled backup and which type it will be
(Full Backup / Incremental Backup / Snapshot - depending on task definition)
View of the Backup Task responsible nodes
In addition to the scheduled time defined, you can backup your data now.
The scheduled backup will still be triggered as defined.
Click to refresh this panel viewed details
Backup Task - When Cluster or Node is Down
When the cluster is down (and there is no leader):
Creating a new Ongoing Task is a Cluster-Wide operation,
thus, a new Ongoing Backup Task cannot be scheduled.
If a Backup Task was already defined and active when the cluster went down,
then the Backup Task will still continue to execute on its defined schedule (on its responsible node).
But, it will fail to be reported to the cluster and may be run again after the cluster has recovered.
When the responsible node is down
If the responsible node for the Backup Task is down during the scheduled time,
then another node from the Database Group will take ownership of the task so that there are no gaps in your backups.
Backup Task -vs- Replication Task
RavenDB's External Replication provides you with an off-site live replica/copy of the data
('live' meaning that any changes in the database will be reflected in the replica once they occur).
If one database is down, the replica can continue its work, thus greatly improving availability.
This is also quite useful if you need to:
Shift operations to a secondary data center
Share the workload across more than one server.
But a replica isn't a backup... It doesn't present good solutions for many backup scenarios. For example, backups can:
Protect you from an accidental collection delete
Tell you the state of the system at, say, 9:03 AM last Friday
Protect you from various cyber attacks
A backup keeps an exact state of the database at a specific point in time and can be restored.