Create Map Index

Edit Index View

Figure 1. Edit Index View

Figure-1: Edit Index View

  1. Index Name - An index name can be composed of letters, digits, ., /, -, and _. The name must be unique in the scope of the database.

    • Uniqueness is evaluated in a case-insensitive way - you can't create indexes named both usersbyname and UsersByName.
    • The characters _ and / are treated as equivalent - you can't create indexes named both users/byname and users_byname.
    • If the index name contains the character ., it must have some other character on both sides to be valid. /./ is a valid index name, but ./, /., and /../ are all invalid.
  2. Save - Save index definition
    Clone - Clone this index (available for an already saved index)
    Delete - Delete this index (available for an already saved index)

  3. Options available for an already saved index:
    Copy C# - Click to view and copy the C# class that defines the index as set in the Studio.
    Query - Click to go to the Query View and query this index.
    Terms - Click to see the index terms, see below.

  4. The Map Function of the index.

    • In the above example, the index will go over documents from the Products collection and will only index documents whose Discontinued property is 'true'.

    • Note: The range of documents from which the query on this index will supply results will be on only Products collection documents that have 'true' in the 'Discontinued' document field property. If the index was defined without the 'where' clause, but only using 'from p in docs.Products', then the documents range for the query result would have been the whole Products collection.

    • Each Index Entry that will be created for this index will be composed of the following 4 fields:
      Name, Category, PricePerUnit & SupplierName.
      The first 3 are taken directly from the document fields, while SupplierName is a calculated index field.
      The supplier's name is derived from the Name field that is taken from the loaded supplier document.

    • At query time, when querying this index, the resulting documents can be searched on and further filtered
      by these Index Fields defined and by the created Terms. See the query results on this index in Query View.

    • See more Map-Indexes examples in Map Index defined from Code

Index Fields & Terms

Figure 2. Index Fields & Terms

Figure-2: Index Fields & Terms

  1. Index Fields
    The index-fields that are indexed per index-entry with the above index-definition are:
    Name, Category, PricePerUnit & SupplierName.

  2. Terms
    The terms are listed under each field.
    The terms are created from the value of the field that was requested to be indexed according to the specified Field Options.

Index Field Options

Figure 3a. Index Field Options

Figure-3a: Index Field Options

  1. Add a field
    Create indexing options for one document field in the collection this index applies to.

  2. Add default field options
    Set default index field options for all indexed fields. See below.

  3. Select Field
    Select a field from the drop-down. The options for this will override the default options.

  4. Advanced
    Set advanced indexing options for the selected field.

    • Store - Setting 'Store' will store the value of this field in the index itself.
      At query time, if 'Store' is set, then the value is fetched directly from the index, instead of from the original document.
      If the field value is not stored in the index then it will be fetched from the document.
      Storing data in the index will increase the index size.
      Learn more in Storing Data in Index.

    • Full-Text-Search - Set this to 'Yes' to allow searching for strings inside the text values of this field.
      The terms that are indexed are tokens that are split from the original string according to the specified Analyzer.
      The Analyzer is set in the 'Indexing' dropdown. The default analyzer is a simple case-insensitive analyzer.

    • Highlighting - Set to 'Yes' to enable Highlighting. Requires Storage to be set to 'Yes'. In the advanced options, Indexing needs to be set to 'Search' and Term Vector set to 'WithPositionsAndOffsets'.

    • Suggestions - Setting 'Suggestions' will allow you to query what the user probably meant to ask about. i.e. spelling errors.
      Learn more in this Blog Post, and in Querying: Suggestions.

    • Spatial - See below

Advanced Index Field Options:

Figure 3c. Advanced Index Field Options

Figure-3c: Advanced Index Field Options

  • Term Vector - Term Vectors are used in RavenDB's query feature More Like This, which suggests documents that are similar to a selected document, based on shared indexed terms. i.e. suggest similar catalogs.
    A 'Term Vector' for a text paragraph will contain a list of all unique words and how often they appeared.
    Set 'full-text-search' on the field (index entry) and define it to have a 'Term Vector'.
    Learn more in Indexes: Term Vectors, and in this Blog Post.

  • Indexing - This setting determines which Analyzer can be used:

    • Exact - The 'Keyword Analyzer' is used. The text is not split into tokens, the entire value of the field is treated as one token.
    • Default - The 'LowerCase Keyword Analyzer' is used. The text is not split into tokens. The text is converted to lower-case, and matches are case insensitive.
    • Search - Select an analyzer to use from the dropdown menu. If you set Indexing to 'Search' and do not select an analyzer, the analyzer is 'StandardAnalyzer' by default.

Default Index Field Options:

Figure 3b. Default Index Field Options

Figure-3b: Default Index Field Options


"Setting Configuration via Studio"

Setting Configuration via Studio

  1. Indexes Tab
    Click to see indexing options.
  2. List of Indexes
    Select to see the list of your current indexes. You can only configure static indexes, not auto-indexes. Select the index for which you want to change the default settings.
  3. Configuration
    Scroll down and select the Configuration tab.
  4. Add customized indexing configuration
    Click to select configuration and change the value.
  5. Indexing Configuration Key
    Paste or select the configuration key that you want to change.
  6. Value
    Enter the new value for this configuration.
    • Click Save at the top of the interface when finished.

Additional Sources

Figure 5. Additional Sources

Figure-5: Additional Sources

  • Use the Additional Sources feature to introduce additional classes and methods that can be used in the index definition.
    This enables advanced scenarios since complex logic can be performed in the indexing process.

  • In the above example, file 'PeopleUtil.cs' was uploaded and method 'CalculatePersonEmail' is used to calculate the index entry 'SupplierEmail'.

Spatial Field Options

Figure 6. Spatial Field Options

Figure-6: Spatial Field Options

  • Spatial Field
    Spatial searches allow you to search using geographical data.
    In order to be able to do such searches, a spatial index field has to be defined.

  • CreateSpatialField()
    This method instructs RavenDB to use the provided longitude and latitude from the document field properties and create the spatial field named 'Coordinates'. Spatial queries can then be made on the 'Coordinates' field.

  • Spatial Type
    RavenDB supports both the 'Geography' and 'Cartesian' systems.

  • Spatial Indexing Strategy
    'Strategy' determines the format of the indexed term values.
    The following indexing strategies are supported:
    • Bounding box
    • Geohash prefix tree
    • Quad prefix tree

  • Radius Units
    Set the units (miles, kilometers) to be used when querying with RQL ''.
    Learn more about querying spatial fields in: Querying: Spatial.

  • Max Tree Level
    Control how precise the spatial queries are going to be.

  • X & Y Min & Max Values
    Setting the min & max values for X & Y is relevant only for the 'Cartesian' system type.

  • Learn more about spatial indexes in: Indexing: Spatial.