Indexes: Rolling Index Deployment

Why Rolling Index Deployment

When heavy-duty indexing is performed in parallel by all cluster nodes, the cluster's performance and availability may be reduced.
The extent of the reduction in cluster conduct depends upon its nodes' resources, the scope of the required indexing, and the number of nodes concurrently indexing.

  • On Site, dedicating much of all nodes' resources to indexing rather than to processing data and tasks may reduce the cluster's performance.
  • On the Cloud, parallel indexing may exhaust the credits available to multiple nodes at the same time and degrade the cluster's availability.

Rolling index deployment ensures that indexes will be created and updated while the cluster remains fully available and performant.

Parallel indexing may be a better option when there is minor or no database activity.

How Does It Work

The Rolling Procedure

Nodes are assigned with the indexing of each database in a linear order, one node at a time.

  1. The cluster assigns indexing to one of its nodes.
  2. When the assigned node finishes indexing, it sends a cluster-wide confirmation command that indexing is done.
  3. The cluster assigns indexing to the next node.

    If the delivery of an indexing completion confirmation fails when the current node finishes indexing, no other node will be able to start indexing until the confirmation succeeds or indexing is initiated manually.
    Confirmation delivery may fail, for example, due to forceful disconnection of the indexing node or cluster leader node during indexation.

Deployment Concurrency and Order

  • Deployment Concurrency

    • A node is assigned to index a database, only if no other node currently indexes this database.
    • Multiple nodes can be assigned to concurrently index different databases.
      E.g., node A can index the "Integration" database, while node B indexes the "Production" database.
  • Deployment Order

    • Deployment order is determined by the cluster.
    • Indexing is deployed in the reverse order of nodes membership in the database group.
      Nodes that are currently in Rehab or Promotable state are given a lower priority.

Setting Indexing Deployment Mode

Server-Wide Deployment Mode

Deployment mode can be set server-wide using configuration options.
Setting the server-wide configuration option will apply to all databases on a given node.

  • Auto Indexes Deployment Mode
    Set a deployment mode for indexes created automatically using the Indexing.Auto.DeploymentMode configuration option.
    "Indexing.Auto.DeploymentMode": "Rolling"
    "Indexing.Auto.DeploymentMode": "Parallel"

  • Static Indexes Deployment Mode
    Set a deployment mode for static indexes using the Indexing.Static.DeploymentMode configuration option.
    "Indexing.Static.DeploymentMode": "Rolling"
    "Indexing.Static.DeploymentMode": "Parallel"

Database Deployment Mode

Enable or disable rolling for a specific database using database configuration keys.
Setting these properties overrides the Server-Wide default.

  • From Studio:

    Database Configuration Keys

    Database Configuration Keys

    1. Open Settings > Database Settings view.
    2. Filter Keys - Enter a search string to locate the configuration keys.
    3. Edit - Click to edit values (see next image for details).
    4. Configuration Keys -
      Indexing.Auto.DeploymentMode - Deployment mode configuration key for Auto Indexes.
      Indexing.Static.DeploymentMode - Deployment mode configuration key for Static Indexes.
    5. Effective Value - The current configuration.
    6. Origin - The origin of the current configuration.
      Can be - Default | Database
    Edit Values

    Edit Values

    1. Override - Toggle to override the server-wide configuation.
    2. Edit Value - Select Parallel or Rolling indexing deployment mode.
    3. Set Default - Click 'Set Default' to select the server-wide default value.
    4. Save - Apply changes.

      An edited configuration key value will become effective only after the database is reloaded.

Deployment Mode in an Index Definition

Enable or disable rolling for a specific index using the index-definition DeploymentMode property.
Setting this property overrides server-wide and database settings configuration.

  • DeploymentMode = IndexDeploymentMode.Rolling
  • DeploymentMode = IndexDeploymentMode.Parallel

    The deployment mode can be set for a specific index when, for example, parallel indexing is preferred in general but rolling is a better option for a particularly "weighty" index.

private class MyRollingIndex : AbstractIndexCreationTask<Order>
      public MyRollingIndex()
          Map = orders => from order in orders
          select new
          DeploymentMode = IndexDeploymentMode.Rolling;