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Querying: Query vs DocumentQuery
Why does the RavenDB client offer two ways of querying by exposing the
Query as well as
DocumentQuery methods? What are the differences between them?
DocumentQuery is the lower level API that we use to query RavenDB, but it does not support LINQ, the mandatory data access solution in .NET. We created
Query to be the LINQ endpoint for RavenDB.
The entire LINQ API is a wrapper of
DocumentQuery and is built on top on that.
When you use
Query, it always is translated into the
DocumentQuery object, which then builds a RQL-syntax query that is sent to the server.
However, we still expose
DocumentQuery in advanced options to allow the users to have the full power of RQL available to them.
DocumentQuery is mutable while
Query is immutable. You might get different results if you try to reuse a query. The usage of the
Query method in the following example:
IRavenQueryable<User> query = session .Query<User>() .Where(x => x.Name.StartsWith("A")); IRavenQueryable<User> ageQuery = query .Where(x => x.Age > 21); IRavenQueryable<User> eyeQuery = query .Where(x => x.EyeColor == "blue");
will result that the queries will be translated into following Lucene-syntax queries:
query - from Users where startsWith(Name, 'A')
ageQuery - from Users where startsWith(Name, 'A') and Age > 21
eyeQuery - from Users where startsWith(Name, 'A') and EyeColor = 'blue'
The similar usage of
IDocumentQuery<User> documentQuery = session .Advanced .DocumentQuery<User>() .WhereStartsWith(x => x.Name, "A"); IDocumentQuery<User> ageDocumentQuery = documentQuery .WhereGreaterThan(x => x.Age, 21); IDocumentQuery<User> eyeDocumentQuery = documentQuery .WhereEquals(x => x.EyeColor, "blue"); // here all of the DocumentQuery variables are the same references
documentQuery - from Users where startsWith(Name, 'A') (before creating
ageLuceneQuery - from Users where startsWith(Name, 'A') and Age > 21 (before creating
eyeLuceneQuery - from Users where startsWith(Name, 'A') and Age > 21 and EyeColor = 'blue'
In results, all created Lucene queries are the same query (actually the same instance). This is an important hint that you should be aware if you are going to reuse
Default Query Operator
Starting from version 4.0, the
DocumentQuery have an identical default operator
OR). You are able to change this behavior by using
session .Advanced .DocumentQuery<User>() .UsingDefaultOperator(QueryOperator.Or);